Aged In New Charred American Oak
Third, bourbon must be aged in new charred American oak, most often in the form of a barrel. Note here that, though most people refer to all beer-belly-shaped vessels for aging whiskey as “barrels”, cask is the more correct term in the industry. Why? Because barrel refers only to standard 53 gallon casks that most bourbon today is aged in, while some distilleries use 30 gallon or 15 gallon barrels/casks, known as quarter casks, or even casks that are bigger than the standard 53 gallon bourbon barrel if they so choose. Learn more about the various types of casks, including the American Standard Barrels oft-used for bourbon here.
Also notice that theres no requirement for a minimum time spent in new charred American oak. So as soon as white dogor newly made bourbon touches the inside of a new, charred American oak cask, a distillery can call it a bourbon. But a mere week inside a cask often isnt enough time to smooth out the otherwise rough-hewn new make. This is why most bourbon is aged at least one year. Its not required, but palates the world over strongly encourage it.
One final thought on the charred barrels: by charring the inside, a cooper caramelizes parts of the oak known as the hemicellulose, lending flavors of chocolate and butterscotch, and lignins, lending vanilla characteristics. The charred interior also acts as a charcoal filter to shake the spirit down for all its hard edges as it passes in and out of the oaks pores over the months.
Is Crown Royal Bourbon
Crown Royal is known for its mild flavor and is an excellent choice when cooking or baking. It is an excellent addition to vegetable soups, and has a mild smoky flavor. Crown Royal can also be used as a marinade for chicken. For a light marinade, mix half a cup of Crown Royal with one teaspoon of vanilla. Cook the chicken in the marinade for about eight to ten minutes on each side.
There are a number of Crown Royal varieties, and each will have subtle differences. For instance, Crown Royal Hand Selected Barrel is a single barrel rye, and Crown Royal XR is a blended whiskey from two distilleries. Crown Royal Northern Harvest Rye incorporates hints of pepper, wood, and baking spices.
Crown Royal has recently introduced a new line of blended whiskeys, called the Blenders Series. It pays tribute to the Crown Royal Deluxe Whisky, while showcasing various classic whisky styles. It was released last year and has been a hit among chefs and home cooks alike.
Flavours And Colouring From Additives
Depending on the local regulations, additional flavourings and colouring compounds may be added to the whisky. Canadian whisky may contain caramel and flavouring in addition to the distilled mash spirits. Scotch whisky may contain added caramel colouring, but no other additives. The addition of flavourings is not allowed in Americanstraight whiskey, but is allowed in American blends.
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Where Is Bourbon Whiskey Made
Bourbon is an original American whiskey initially made by Scottish and Irish-Americans in the late eighteenth century. This whiskey was -and still is distilled in Bourbon County, Kentucky. As we mentioned, location is crucial to know how is bourbon made and several distilleries around Bourbon County, Kentucky, still currently produce this aged whiskey.
There was a brief hiatus during the prohibition when the bourbon distilleries were unable to produce their fine spirit. This unfortunate incident was brief.
Distilleries across the United States have attempted to craft their own Kentucky-style bourbon, but they have failed to achieve the same flavor. The limestone waters are one of the main reasons that this whiskey is so great.
What Is The Diff Between Bourbon And Whiskey
Bourbon is a barrel-aged distilled liquor produced in the United States. It is similar to Irish whiskey but is made from a different grain, corn. While whiskey is distilled from malted barley, bourbon is distilled from corn. Both are aged in oak barrels.
There are a few differences between the two types of whiskey, though. Bourbon has a higher alcohol content, and is usually caramel colored. Bourbon is the official distilled spirit of the United States. It is even honored as Americas Native Spirit, and has its own month of recognition, National Bourbon Heritage Month. It is also celebrated at the Kentucky Bourbon Festival during select dates in September, which features historical exhibits, dinners, and tastings.
Bourbon and whiskey are both brown distilled liquors, but are not the same thing. Whiskey is the more popular of the two. Both have a strong taste and are made with a grain base. They are similar to each other in taste, but differ significantly in the types of grains and aging. Bourbon is a bit sweeter and is a better choice for cocktail lovers. However, if you are unsure about which type to drink, the best way to find out is to try a whiskey cocktail.
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Does Bourbon Taste Different Than Whiskey
Bourbon has a bit of a sweeter, smoother taste then whiskey, with notes of caramel and vanilla. This is because it is always made from at least 51% corn, which is naturally quite sweet. Whiskey can vary in flavor depending on how long its has been aged, where it comes from, and how it is made, and can range from oaky and dry to a full-bodied caramel-like flavor. You definitely can’t go wrong with either!
What Makes Bourbon Unique
There are many factors that make bourbon whiskey a singular and distinct spirit. One of the biggest reasons bourbon stands out among other spirits is the presence of strict rules and regulations for production. Because of the safely guarded regulations of crafting bourbon, the quality, character and continuity of the spirit is maintained.
Among the standards that contribute most to bourbons unique qualities:
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Bourbon County Kentucky Is Established
Though still part of Virginia at the time, Bourbon County was established in 1785. The name honored a French royal family who aided the colonies during the Revolutionary War. The modern borders of Bourbon County, Kentucky, are not the way it was originally established Old Bourbon County is comprised of 34 modern counties.
In the late 1700s, many German, Irish, and Scottish settlers migrated to the land that would become Kentucky in 1792. It was perfect for growing corn and other grains. Some knew how to make whiskey, and the local limestone-filtered water became integral in making the whiskey that would take on the bourbon name.
Current day Bourbon County has little significance in the production of bourbon whiskey. Instead, most modern production is concentrated in the Louisville, Frankfurt, and Bardstown areas.
How Is Bourbon Produced
Bourbon production is similar to whisky production, but there are some special requirements. The most important ones are related to the mash content, the type of barrel used, the maximum proof, and the length of the aging process. However, bourbon makers are also forbidden from using any additives, such as caramel coloring or flavoring, which could change the taste or appearance of the drink. Bourbon must be 100% pure.
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Heads Hearts Tails Bourbon Distillation
Heads, hearts and tails are monikers used to describe the three phases of the bourbon distillation process. When a bourbon mash is heated either in a pot still or a column still alcohol vapor begins to evaporate.
The first phase of this vaporizing process is known as the heads portion. With the heads are all of the unwanted vapors like methanol , acetaldehyde, and lighter esters .
The heads are not something a bourbon distiller would want to include in their final distillate. Early moonshiners either due to ignorance or desire to increase yield would sometimes include the distillate form the heads portion, and when their consumers drank it, they ended up going blind, getting very ill or even died.
Now, a little portion of the heads is fine and, in most cases, adds a bit of complexity to the distillate. It is important that a knowledgeable distiller is involved in this process to discern when enough is enough. The heads is also commonly referred to as the first cut.
After the first cut, the heads are typically thrown away, or used in a clean-burning fossil fuel converter to power other operations at a distillery. Sometimes the heads are re-distilled again until they are more suitable for consumption.
The tails portion contains less alcohol by volume and may be re-distilled much the same way as the heads to extract the cleaner and more desirable second heads.
They Come From Different Places
Contrary to popular belief, bourbon can be made outside of Kentucky. However, to legally qualify as bourbon, it must be made in the United States. Simlarly, in order for a whisky to be called Scotch, it must be made in Scotland. Japanese whisky, for example, is similar to Scotch in many ways. But its not Scotch, because its made in Japan.
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Best Barrel Strength: Elijah Craig Barrel Proof
Region: Kentucky | ABV: 60-65% | Tasting Notes: Toast, Apple, Vanilla
Named after a Baptist preacher who famously founded a whiskey distillery in 1789, the Elijah Craig line from Heaven Hill distilleries was introduced in 1986, becoming an early player in the fledgling craft whiskey movement. The brand currently offers four different bourbons, including their high-octane, 12-year-old single barrel expression, which is one of McKayâs favorites. Itâs just delicious, he says, and you donât need to pour very much.
âItâs my go-to at work for its versatility and its affordability. Its an accessible bourbon that I can use in any bourbon recipe.âXania Woodman, bar manager and lead bartender at O.P. Rockwell Cocktail Lounge & Music Hall
Lets Talk About Irish Whiskey
Whereas most Scottish whiskey is distilled twice, Irish whiskey goes through three rounds of distillation before its bottled. Compared to the Scottish stuff, Irish whiskey uses a lot of barley and doesnt have that smoky, burnt-rubber taste that youll find from the peat thats in Scotch. Fun fact: legally, Irish whiskey must be aged in Ireland for at least three years in wooden casks to be considered whiskey!
Irish whiskey tastes like: Very, very smooth and less sweet than most American bourbons. Great for sipping.Brands you should know:Jameson, Midleton, Green Spot
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Fermenting Bourbon: Under Oxygenating Wash
During the bourbon fermentation process and specifically during yeast reproduction, the yeasts utilize oxygen in order to produce unsaturated fatty acids thereby depleting aCoA, which is a precursor to the production of esters.
When a bourbon distiller limits or restricts the level of available oxygen accessible to the yeast, it effectively increases the available ester precursor acetyl coenzyme A , thereby increasing the production of fruity esters. Bourbon distilling best practices suggest refraining from oxygenating or aerating the wort. If oxygen reduction is desired for specific ester targeting, it is advised to increase the duration of the mash boiling process which will reduce the level of dissolved gasses.
Where Does Bourbon Come From
Bourbon traces its heritage to immigrants who brought their whiskey-making skills to the American colonies in the 18th century. Rye was the crop of choice for them, because it was easier to establish than the traditional barley. But when settlers pushed west to Kentucky, which had gained a reputation for fertile soil and pure spring waters, corn became the base material for their whiskey, and it established a style that Kentucky could call its own.Although its historically affiliated with Kentucky, Bourbon today may be made anywhere in the United States, so long as producers follow a recipe and process that is set by law to be qualified to be called bourbon.
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Bourbon Has To Hit Certain Abv Marks
When bourbon is barreled, it also has to hit a certain proof, or alcohol content in the spirit. The mash must be distilled at 160 proof or less, and aged in barrels until it is no more than 125 proof or less. Before bottling, bourbon is filtered and diluted down to no less than 80 proof . Other whiskeys have different ABV standards for barreling and distilling. The minimum bottling strength for Scotch whiskey, for example, is also 80 proof or 40 percent ABV, but there is no maximum or minimum ABV for the distillate.
How Should You Drink Bourbon
Many people who enjoy the taste of spirits drink their bourbon straight, which means that they dont add any other ingredients. Some prefer the drink on the rocks, so they add some ice. If youre new to drinking spirits, you might not yet be accustomed to the high alcohol content of this drink. In such a case, you might enjoy it more in a cocktail.
Bourbon has been used in cocktails for many decades, and there are plenty of traditional and innovative options. An old-fashioned, for example, is bourbon mixed with fruits, sugar, and bitters. The Manhattan includes bourbon, sweet vermouth, aromatic bitters, and a cherry for garnish. If you prefer tart citrus flavors, you might enjoy a whiskey sour, and if you like a clean, minty taste, the mint julep is a must.
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Our Bourbon Is Unique
Like many Kentucky distillers, New Riffs Bourbon follows the practices that have historically given Kentucky Bourbon its unique flavors. We are a new riff on the old tradition of Kentucky Bourbon. Our core Bourbon is a genuinely high-rye, full-bodied whiskey offering a savory, spicy character. From single barrel to small batch, all of our whiskeys are made with the full sour mash Kentucky Regimen, and are aged for four years in 53-gallon toasted and charred new oak barrels.
Whether you prefer our spicy, savory Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey or our sweet and savory Single Barrel Rye, weve got just the Bourbon for you. Browse our selection of flagship whiskeys today.
What Is Bourbon Made From
What is Bourbon Made From?
One question we, as whiskey enthusiasts, often hear from our friends and family is: what is bourbon made from?. This usually coincides with whats the difference between bourbon and whiskey?, to which youve undoubtedly recited enough times to all-but quote the Code of Federal Regulations verbatim. Today I want to answer that first question in a way that opens the conversation up and allows for folks outside of the enthusiast crowd to understand bourbon for what it truly is: Americas native spirit.
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What Is The Best Barrel For Whiskey
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Mixing The Sour Mash To Make Bourbon
Bourbon is made from a sour mash consisting of at least 51% corn and several other cereal grains like rye and barley. These grains are ground together and then used to create a thick, sour mash.
The sour mash is mixed with Kentucky water and blended together in a large tank. The process is continued, adding an older batch of sour mash before beginning the fermentation process.
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Why Are Oak Bourbon Barrels Charred
In our guide to the history of bourbon whiskey, we explore one of the leading theories of why the technique was first introduced. Here, though, well explore why it has endured and the effects it has on the whiskey.
As mentioned above, charring is undertaken directly by the cooper after the barrel has been manufactured. Producers will often order custom levels of charring depending on the intensity of flavour that they wish to create.
Charring sounds like a long process but it takes only a few seconds. The lightest charring lasts just 15 seconds and the heaviest is less than a minute. Rather than impart a smoky flavour, as many people believe, charring primes the wood before it comes into contact with new whiskey.
The oaks grain is opened by exposing it to an open flame, which allows increases its contact with the whiskey. Meanwhile, the heat provokes a reaction that releases flavourful chemicals such as lactones and hemicellulose.
For instance, the woods cellulose crystalises into sugars while lignin is extracted from the sap. After prolonged contact, these two compounds are absorbed by the distillate and will eventually result in caramel and vanilla flavours respectfully.
Is Jack Daniels A Bourbon
Jack Daniels has always claimed to be a straight bourbon, but that isnt exactly true. The bottle of the famous whiskey doesnt say Bourbon, it says Tennessee Whiskey. This distinction is important to understand how to properly drink Jack Daniels.
While bourbon is produced in Kentucky, Jack Daniels is actually made in Tennessee. As a result, the alcoholic beverage is made from corn. However, this does not mean that Jack Daniels isnt a bourbon. In fact, it is often labeled a bourbon.
Both whiskeys are made from corn, although jack daniels has less corn than bourbon. If youre not into the traditional taste of bourbon, jack daniels is a great alternative. Just make sure that you choose a good one!
Jack Daniels is one of the worlds most popular brands. The whiskey has a rich and satisfying flavor that can be paired with many cocktail mixers. One of the best combinations of Jack Daniels and Jim Beam Apple is a ginger ale cocktail.
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